Fox Squirrel


Actual Size: 10 to 15” in length; weighing 1.6 to 2.3 lbs.

Characteristics: Reddish-brown with large bushy tails.

Habitat: Constructs nests in cavities of large trees. May also enter homes and build nests in attics, wall voids, or chimneys.


  • Commonly mistaken for red squirrels.
  • Can transmit diseases such as ringworm to people.
  • Often travels along electrical lines.

Fox Squirrels in Memphis TN Metro Area

Fox squirrels inhabit various regions across the eastern and central parts of the United States, and they have even been introduced into cities in the western U.S. During daylight hours, these squirrels predominantly reside in trees, actively searching for food. Fox squirrels have an omnivorous diet, consuming a wide range of items including plant matter, insects, and birds. Similar to other tree-dwelling squirrels, fox squirrels may enter homes, constructing nests in attics, walls, chimneys, rooflines, and even inside garages. It is important to note that fox squirrels can carry diseases such as tularemia and ringworm, which can be transmitted to humans.

Fox Squirrel Habitat

Fox squirrels exhibit a preference for open, savannah-like environments characterized by widely spaced trees and an unobstructed understory. They rely on large trees with cavities or holes to construct nests for rearing their young. While they are commonly found in oak-hickory forests, they can also be observed in live oak, mangrove swamps, and pine forests. Interestingly, due to their habitat preferences, fox squirrels adapt well to urban and suburban surroundings. Unfortunately, these pests may infiltrate homes and attics, resulting in damage to wiring, gardens, and lawns.

Fox Squirrel Behaviors, Threats, or Dangers

Fox squirrels can occasionally cause damage in residential areas and gardens, particularly when they consume immature and mature nuts, fruits, and various other plants. During the autumn season, squirrels often dig holes in gardens or turf to bury nuts or seeds. This behavior, known as food caching, can create chaos in the garden and disrupt the appearance of a well-maintained lawn, even if they never retrieve the stored food. Additionally, squirrels may gnaw on telephone cables and attempt to gain entry into wooden structures or invade attics through gaps or broken vent screens. They also exhibit a tendency to strip bark from trees to access the inner bark layer, known as cambium, which can cause harm to the trees.

If you are having an issue with fox squirrels, it is best to consult a professional wildlife control company for removal.